HEALTH CONDITION

High Cholesterol

High cholesterol, or hypercholesterolemia, is a medical condition characterized by a higher than normal concentration of fats in the blood.
High cholesterol illustration

Most common medications

About High Cholesterol

High cholesterol, or hypercholesterolemia, is a medical condition characterized by a higher than normal concentration of fats in the blood. These fats are produced naturally by the liver but can also be ingested in the foods we eat. Cholesterol is necessary for the production of hormones and the normal function of cell membranes. When cholesterol is too abundant in the blood, it can accumulate on the inside of blood vessels and reduce blood flow. People with high cholesterol are at an increased risk of stroke and heart disease.
Symptoms
There are no symptoms associated with high cholesterol. Many people with this condition do not know they have it. Diagnosis usually occurs after a routine blood test known as a lipid panel.
Causes
Multiple genetic abnormalities along with habits related to diet and exercise can contribute to high cholesterol. Diets high in fat and saturated fat can be associated with this condition.
Treatment
Treatment of high cholesterol can reduce the risk of future problems. This can consist of diet, exercise and prescription medications. Several different types of medications treat this condition. Some of these medications include statins, fibrates, and ezetimibe.

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